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JNAFS

11

J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 52: 1–18

Publication (Upload) date: 11 Jan 2021

Brooke A. Lowman1*, Catherine E. O’Keefe2, and Steven X. Cadrin1

1School for Marine Science and Technology, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth,
836 South Rodney French Boulevard,
New Bedford, MA 02744, USA

2Fishery Applications Consulting Team, 99 Bakerville Road,
Dartmouth, MA 02748, USA
*E-mail:
blowman@umassd.edu

Lowman, B.A., O’Keefe, C.E., and Cadrin, S.X. 2021. Predictive Models of Yellowtail Flounder Bycatch in the U.S. Sea Scallop Fishery on Georges Bank. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 52: 1–18. https://doi.org/10.2960/J.v52.m723

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Abstract

Many commercial fisheries face bycatch challenges. Avoiding non-target species while maximizing harvest of target species may require fishing differently across seasons and years, so the ability to predict bycatch occurrence is important for efficient and sustainable fishing operations. We demonstrate a potential application of bycatch predictions in the Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) fishery. Catch data from a bycatch survey were used to develop models for yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) bycatch in the scallop fishery in response to environmental variables, and the models were validated using at-sea observer data. Results indicate that location (latitude, longitude, management area), temperature, zenith angle (a proxy for ambient light), and temporal effects (season, month, year) affect the presence and abundance of yellowtail flounder bycatch in the scallop fishery. Simple models with a subset of variables (latitude, longitude, and month) were fitted to help predict the magnitude and location of bycatch prior to fishery openings and in areas with no bycatch information. This study demonstrates how predictive models can be used to avoid bycatch species.

 

Keywords: Atlantic sea scallop, bycatch avoidance, generalized additive model, yellowtail flounder

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Citation

Lowman, B.A., O’Keefe, C.E., and Cadrin, S.X. 2021. Predictive Models of Yellowtail Flounder Bycatch in the U.S. Sea Scallop Fishery on Georges Bank. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 52: 1–18. https://doi.org/10.2960/J.v52.m723


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