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JNAFS

18

J. Fernando Márquez–Farias1

1 Present address: Centro Regional de Investigación Pesquera de Mazatlán, Instituto Nacional de la Pesca SAGARPA, Calzada Sábalo-Cerritos S/N. CP. 82010, Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico

Centro Regional de Investigación Pesquera de Guaymas, Instituto Nacional de la Pesca
SAGARPA, Calle 20 Sur No. 605. Col. Cantera. CP. 85400, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico

David Corro–Espinosa

Centro Regional de Investigación Pesquera de Mazatlán, Instituto Nacional de la Pesca
SAGARPA, Calzada Sábalo–Cerritos S/N. CP. 82010, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico

J. Leonardo Castillo–Géniz2

2 Present address: CICESE. Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, CP 22860. Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico
Centro Regional de Investigación Pesquera de Ensenada, Instituto Nacional de la Pesca
SAGARPA, Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada km. 97.5. CP. 22880, El Sauzal de Rodríguez
Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico

 

 

Publication (Upload) date: 18 March 2005

 

MÁRQUEZ-FARIAS, J. F., D. CORRO-ESPINOSA, and J. L. CASTILLO-GÉNIZ. 2005. Observations on the Biology of the Pacific Sharpnose Shark (Rhizoprionodon longurio, Jordan and Gilbert, 1882), Captured in Southern Sinaloa, México. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 35: 107-114. doi:10.2960/J.v35.m506

 

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Abstract

The Pacific sharpnose shark, (Rhizoprionodon longurio, Jordan and Gilbert, 1882), migrates along the Pacific coast of Mexico. It is captured with gillnets and bottom long lines commonly used in the artisanal fishery of Mazatlan. From a sample of 3 464 individuals, R. longurio was observed to be a viviparous shark of small size, which is born at an average length of 31 cm total length (TL), after a gestation period of 10 to 11 months. The number of embryos showed no statistical relationship to the TL. The average number of embryos per female was 7.4 (σ = 2.01, n = 146) and sex ratio was 1:1. Observations on the growth of the claspers indicated that male maturity begins at 93 cm TL. The two smallest gravid females measured were 83 and 87 cm TL. The rest of the gravid females were at least 92 cm TL. Between 90 and 95 cm TL, the females exhibited an increase in the width of the oviducal gland and its size ranged from 5 to 12 mm. The statistical relationship between weight and length is presented in which females reach a larger size than males. The diet of R. longurio was composed principally of crustaceans and demersal teleost fishes.

Key words:  Sharks, fisheries, life history, reproduction, diet, migration

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Citation: MÁRQUEZ-FARIAS, J. F., D. CORRO-ESPINOSA, and J. L. CASTILLO-GÉNIZ. 2005. Observations on the Biology of the Pacific Sharpnose Shark (Rhizoprionodon longurio, Jordan and Gilbert, 1882), Captured in Southern Sinaloa, México. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 35: 107-114. doi:10.2960/J.v35.m506
Posted in: Volume 35 - 2005
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