posted on December 01, 1989 04:32
Institute of Marine Research, P. O. Box 1870 Nordnes
5024 Bergen, Norway
Source - Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, Volume 9(2): 103-113
At the beginning of this century it was clear that in the Barents Sea, variations in the physical conditions have a great influence on the biological conditions of fish. The cold period during 1977-82 initiated new investigations on the influence of oceanographic conditions on recruitment, distribution and growth of commercial fish species in the Barents Sea, both by Norwegian and USSR scientists. A review of some of the most important results achieved so far is presented.
Rich year-classes of cod occur only in years with relatively high temperature on the spawning grounds and the areas of their distribution during the first half-year of their lives. Feeding distributions of cod, haddock and capelin depend on the climatic conditions in the Barents Sea with more easterly and northerly distributions noted in warm years than in cold ones. The growth of fish also seems to depend on the environmental temperature, but the temperature-growth relationships are probably not simple. The climatic fluctuations also influence the plankton production and thereby the food conditions for all plankton feeders. Temperature effects linked to the variability of food may therefore be as important as the direct effect of temperature on the biological conditions of fish.
Language - English
Publisher - Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO), Dartmouth, N.S., Canada
Publication Date - December 1989
Publication Type - Journal Article